Cytokine-induced CEACAM1 expression on keratinocytes is characteristic for psoriatic skin and contributes to a prolonged lifespan of neutrophils

Journal of Investigative Dermatology, 129(3):671-81

RAHMOUN M., MOLÈS JP., PEDRETTI N., MATHIEU M., FREMAUX I, RAISON-PEYRON N., LECRON JC., YSSEL H. and PÈNE J. (2009)

Inserm, U844, Montpellier, France.
Institut Universitaire de Recherche Clinique, Montpellier, France.
Bioalternatives, Gençay, France.
Inserm U564, Angers, France.
Service de Dermatologie, CHU St. Eloi, Montpellier, France.
EA 4331, Université de Poitiers, CHU de Poitiers, France

Abstract

Carcinoembryonic antigen-related cellular adhesion molecule 1 (CEACAM1) is a cell-surface glycoprotein, belonging to the carcinoembryonic antigen family, expressed by human neutrophils, epithelial cells, activated T and NK cells. CEACAM1 is expressed as a cell-surface molecule with different isoforms or can be secreted as a soluble protein.
Here, we show that keratinocytes in the outer epidermal layer of psoriatic skin express CEACAM1, unlike those in healthy skin or in cutaneous lesions of patients with atopic or nummular dermatitis. Stimulation of primary human keratinocytes or in vitro reconstituted epidermis with culture supernatants of activated psoriatic lesion-infiltrating T cells, IFN-gamma or oncostatin M, but not IL-17, induced the expression of transcripts for the CEACAM1-long and -short isoforms and cell-surface CEACAM1, whereas soluble CEACAM1 was not produced. The uppermost layers of the epidermis in psoriatic lesions also contain neutrophils, a cell type with inflammatory and antimicrobial properties. Coculture of CEACAM1-expressing keratinocytes or CHO transfectants with neutrophils delayed spontaneous apoptosis of the latter cells.
These results show that cytokine-induced cell-surface expression of CEACAM1 by keratinocytes in the context of a psoriatic environment might contribute to the persistence of neutrophils and thus to ongoing inflammation and the decreased propensity for skin infection, typical for patients with psoriasis.

© 2009 The Society for Investigative Dermatology.

KEYWORDS: Psoriasis; Keratinocyte; Cytokine; CEACAM1

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