Skin inflammation induced by the synergistic action of IL17A, IL22, OSM, IL1α and TNFα recapitulates some features of psoriasis

The Journal of Immunology, 184(9):5263 -5270

GUILLOTTEAU K., PARIS I., PEDRETTI N., BONIFACE K., JUCHAUX F., HUGUIER V., GUILLET G., BERNARD FX., LECRON JC. and MOREL F. (2010)

Laboratoire Inflammation, Tissus Épithéliaux et Cytokines, Unités Propres de Recherche, Équipe d’Accueil, Pôle Biologie Santé, Université de Poitiers, France.
Laboratoire Protéines et Inflammation, CHU de Poitiers, France.
Service de Chirurgie Plastique and Service de Dermatologie, CHU de Poitiers, France.
Bioalternatives, Gençay, France.

Abstract

Keratinocytes play a crucial role in the regulation of skin inflammation, responding to environmental and immune cells stimuli. They produce soluble factors that can act in an autocrine or paracrine manner on immune cells or directly on aggressors. A screening of the activities of 36 cytokines on keratinocyte gene expression identified IL17A, IL22, oncostatin M, TNFalpha, and IL1alpha as potent cytokines in inducing cutaneous inflammation. These five proinflammatory cytokines synergistically increased production of CXCL8 and beta-defensin 2 (BD2).
In addition, ex vivo studies on human skin explants demonstrated upregulation of BD2, S100A7, and CXCL8 expression in response to the same combination of cytokines. In vivo intradermal injection of these five cytokines in mouse increased CXCL1, CXCL2, CXCL3, S100A9, and BD3 expression, associated with neutrophil infiltration. We confirmed and extended this synergistic effect using quantitative real-time PCR analysis and observed increased expression of nine chemokines and 12 antimicrobial peptides. Production of CXCL, CXCL5, and CXCL8 by keratinocytes stimulated in the presence of this cytokine combination was associated with increased neutrophil chemotactic activity. Similarly, high production of BD2, BD3, and S100A7 was associated with an increased antimicrobial activity.
Finally, the transcriptional profile observed in this in vitro model of inflammatory keratinocytes correlated with the one of lesional psoriatic skin. Our results demonstrate the important potentiating activities of IL17A, IL22, oncostatin M, TNFalpha, and IL1alpha on keratinocytes. This is particularly interesting in the context of psoriasis where these cytokines are overexpressed and could synergize to play an important role in upregulation of chemokines and antimicrobial peptides production.

© 2010 by The American Association of Immunologists, Inc.

KEYWORDS: Psoriasis; Skin inflammation; IL17A ; IL22

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